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What Causes Hammertoe?

Monday, 11 March 2019 00:00

Genetic factors may cause the muscles and tendons in the toes to become weak, and this may cause a condition that is referred to as hammertoe. It will typically affect the second and third toes and occur when the middle joint becomes dislocated. Additional reasons for this to develop may come from having arthritis in the feet, or from wearing shoes that do not have enough room in the toe area. Cushioned pads may be used to reduce mild discomfort that may be present. For more severe cases of hammertoe, a proper diagnosis is needed to determine the extent of the deformity, and surgery may be necessary to permanently straighten the toes. If you have this condition, it is strongly suggested to seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can guide you toward beginning proper treatment.

Hammertoes can be a painful condition to live with. For more information, contact Dr. Linda D. Nachmani of Central Foot & Ankle Associates. Our doctor will answer any of your foot- and ankle-related questions.

Hammertoe

Hammertoe is a foot deformity that occurs due to an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or ligaments that normally hold the toe straight. It can be caused by the type of shoes you wear, your foot structure, trauma, and certain disease processes.

Symptoms

  • Painful and/or difficult toe movement
  • Swelling
  • Joint stiffness
  • Calluses/Corns
  • Physical deformity

Risk Factors

  • Age – The risk of hammertoe increases with age
  • Sex – Women are more likely to have hammertoe compared to men
  • Toe Length – You are more likely to develop hammertoe if your second toe is longer than your big toe
  • Certain Diseases – Arthritis and diabetes may make you more likely to develop hammertoe

Treatment

If you have hammertoe, you should change into a more comfortable shoe that provides enough room for your toes. Exercises such as picking up marbles may strengthen and stretch your toe muscles. Nevertheless, it is important to seek assistance from a podiatrist in order to determine the severity of your hammertoe and see which treatment option will work best for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Houston, and Pearland, TX. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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